The Specialized Work of Six Types of Engineers
There are many fields of engineering. In this article, we focus on the specialized work of six types of engineers.
What do engineers do?
Engineers are professionals who research, design, build, test, sustain, and analyze materials, structures, and products. Their goal is to offer safe, functional, and economic solutions to technical problems.
In doing so, engineers must also balance safety, regulatory, and practicality limitations with functionality and cost requirements. An engineer’s job is to design and build practical and economic solutions using the principles of science and mathematics.
The work of an engineer bridges the gap between scientific discoveries and commercial applications by integrating engineering technologies with business solutions. In many cases, these breakthroughs improve the overall conditions for society. Engineers sometimes work alongside scientific researchers. This helps to collect data and important information used to design and build technical solutions.
What does it take to become a professional engineer?
The basic qualification of an engineer is a four-year bachelor’s degree in engineering. This can vary depending on which kind of engineering discipline is pursued.
You can also take a master’s program that’s designed to deepen and expand the knowledge within an engineering discipline. It usually takes two years to get a master’s degree while a doctorate’s degree takes five to seven years. This would be for people who are interested in pursuing engineering research and education.
Usually, pursuing a career as a professional engineer requires a professional license to perform your duties legally. The license would specify your discipline. For example civil, industrial, chemical, electrical, or mechanical engineering.
Becoming a professional engineer requires extensive knowledge in the sciences and mathematics. Engineers must also possess creativity, resourcefulness, effective communication skills, and hands-on training.
Six Specialized Types of Engineers
- Civil engineers
Civil engineering is considered the oldest engineering discipline. Civil engineers design, construct, protect, and sometimes destroy many kinds of environments.This includes infrastructure that is both natural and man-made, public and private, commercial and residential. Think of airports, hydroelectric dams, railways, a mountain pass, or even a building demolition.
- Mechanical Engineers
Mechanical engineers design and manufacture machines, equipment, final products, and parts that influence the design of other products.Mechanical engineers are also expected to understand and incorporate the principles of force, energy, and motion into their designs. The goal of this branch of engineering is to create a system or process that works safely, efficiently, and affordably.
- Production Engineers
Production engineers also work in the area of manufacturing. They specialize in using technology to improve the process of transforming raw materials into finished products.
Their responsibilities often include implementing automation and executing quality control measures in order to provide goods efficiently, safely, and reliably.
Production engineers fill a variety of titles, including:
- Assistant Production Engineer
- Production Design Engineer
- Production Manager
- Chemical Engineers
Chemical engineering is commonly known as process engineering. It’s wide-ranging and encompasses many fields. A chemical engineer may work in many different fields.
- Safety industries
- Food processing
- Fertilizer technology
- Specialty chemicals
- Electronic and advanced materials
- Biotechnology and environmental health
Chemical engineering relies on the understanding of mathematics and chemistry to create products or processes, or to improve existing ones. Chemical engineers ensure that engineering processes are designed with utmost safety considering the social, environmental, and business needs.
Chemical engineers also focus on creating products from raw materials, as well as managing resources.
- Biomedical Engineers
Sometimes called medical engineers, biomedical engineers study and design solutions to problems in biology and medicine. Their goal is to improve the effectiveness of patient care and the quality of human health.
Biomedical engineers design, install, adjust, analyze, and repair biomedical equipment. They also train medical personnel in the proper use of such equipment.
- Aerospace Engineers
Also known as aeronautical engineers, aerospace engineers primarily design, build, and test aircraft and spacecraft. The systems they design for national defense include airplanes, helicopters, missiles, rockets, and even satellites.
Aerospace engineers must apply the fundamentals of structural analysis, fluid dynamics, propulsion, aerospace design, materials science, and automatic control and orientation. This is all part of creating and testing prototypes to ensure that designs will function as intended.
What is the difference between common types of engineers and special types of engineers?
- Civil structural engineering
- Mechanical engineering
- Electrical engineering
- Chemical engineering
How should I choose which field of engineering?
More Than Six Types of Engineers
To say there are only six types of engineers is misleading. There are many more disciplines and subdivisions of engineering. The six covered in this article are some of the most common. When it comes to choosing a career path, narrowing it down to one kind can be a difficult yet enjoyable task.
There is one trait that we believe all engineers share. That is the desire to change the world with their skills. The state of technology and engineering we have today, makes everything possible. With the right combination of knowledge, passion, skills, and determination, engineers will continue to deliver a better tomorrow and future.